W2.5 – Future-oriented activities: Mutual benefits towards grand Challenges
Chair: Dr. Augusta Maria Paci, Technologist Director of Chemical Science and Materials Technology Department, National Research Council of Italy (CNR)
The workshop presents key outcomes from studies in Future-oriented activities on visions and scenarios for future EU economic development and sustainability. These studies address Grand Challenges for a sustainable re-industrialization of Europe – driven by agents of change such as science, technology, environment, policy and society.
The invited speakers will offer a synthetic view on some aspects regarding future scenarios – elaborated in 2013 – that contribute to the collective development of a “Big picture” for the future of the Manufacturing sector with related policy measures.
Foresight initiatives are underway at multilevel by international organisations, by the European Commission, by organizations of Member States, involving academia and the private sector.
In Italy, the CNR S/T Foresight Project has been launched in 2013 and is carried by researchers through a participatory process for stimulating a collective intelligence.
Science and technology with interdisciplinary approach are core part of foresight studies but they also need to include the consideration of the impact on society, on the climate and on the manufacturing sectors – which are the major industrial driving force of the global EU economy.
In the undergoing transformation and paradigm shifts in the next two decades, the outcomes of these and of other future studies may complement the efforts of the Manufuture Technology Platform - that ensured a decade of participatory future thinking for the development of manufacturing related research.
￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼ ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼Presentations & Speakers: ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼
- Industrial Landscape Vision 2025 for Early Standardization
Dr. Fabiana Scapolo and Peter Churchill, European Commission - Joint Research Centre
The presentation will focus on the outcomes of a recent foresight addressing the framing question: “How will standards facilitate new production systems in the context of EU innovation and competitiveness in 2025?”
The foresight study developed detailed vision, narrative and conceptual model of the future industrial landscape in 2025 based on the analysis of the importance and the potential impact of the societal, technological, economic, environmental and policy drivers on industry, and then use this Industrial Landscape Vision (ILV) as a basis to analyse the needs for new standards and for evolution of the European Standardisation System. The ILV 2025 takes a holistic view in understanding the complexity of the industrial system, its inter-linkages and reactions. It also introduces a paradigm shift from the traditional sector-based description of the industrial system to a more function-based representation.
The JRC foresight study on the future of standardisation aims at contributing to identify where and how standardisation could foster the innovation needed to stimulate manufacturing, create sustainable and inclusive growth and jobs in the European Union as well as reinforce its competitiveness in a period of ever- increasing global competition.
- The Nexus between Energy, Environment and Transports Services
Dr. Andrea Ricci, Vice President, Institute of Studies for the Integration of Systems (ISIS)
Technological innovation directly affects the dynamics of the manufacturing sector. In the long term perspective, however, it is increasingly recognized that innovation must be sought beyond the traditional sectorial frameworks, and include changes other than technological (institutional, organizational, social). The relationships between landuse, energy, transport and environment, and their impact on the economy are a major case in point, both in terms of co-benefits (e.g. travel avoidance with subsequent energy savings and environmental benefits) and of synergies leading to system redesign and optimization (e.g. electromobility and smart buildings). To make the most of such opportunities, new socio-economic paradigms must be recognized and facilitated. The PASHMINA project (EU- SSH FP7) has analysed a set of possible paradigm shifts at 2050, notably addressing the need to depart from the current prevailing model based on speed (of transport, of production and consumption, of relations) and individual focus. While the awareness of resource scarcity is a major driver towards virtuous shifts, one should be careful not to embrace approaches that amount to relying solely on technology and efficiency to fix the traditional, purely growth-based paradigms. The presentation will highlight some of the PASHMINA results and their policy implications, including examples of system innovation linking energy, transport and environment.
- Measures to Realize Sustainability in Manufacturing
Dr. Mikko Verneri Koho, Senior scientist, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Sustainable development and sustainable production are important objectives for manufacturing industry. From manufacturing companies’ perspective, sustainability can be defined as creation of goods and services that fulfill the basic needs of consumers in a way that minimizes the burden to environment, is economically viable, and is safe and rewarding to employees and society. Although these issues and objectives have received significant emphasis and attention, realizing them poses a grand challenge to manufacturing companies. Hence, research and development efforts that support manufacturing industry in meeting these objectives are urgently needed.
This presentation provides an overview of sustainable development and its key components, and then focuses on the perspective of manufacturing industry and sustainable production. Based on recent and on-going research projects, barriers or challenges of sustainable production are presented. Then, ways and means to overcome these challenges, i.e., enablers of sustainable production are discussed, and relevant and planned research activities that are intended to pave the way towards sustainability in manufacturing are outlined.
- Key Message for the Future of Manufacturing Research
Prof. Francesco Jovane, Emeritus Professor, Politecnico di Milano
The 2000 Lisbon strategy required the continuing presence of a strong and competitive manufacturing, as an economy based on service industries alone would not survive in the longer term. To this end, in the European Commission, promoted the Manufuture ETP, to contribute to a competitive and sustainable future of European Manufacturing Industry, within a globalizing world.
The EU 2020 St rat egy has set out a vision to help to come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. This should be translated into National, EU and International targets and trajectories.
Within Horizon 2020, Manufuture is required to contribute to ensuring high impact of EU Manufacturing Research in Industrial Leadership and providing HAV solutions – Products and Services, Processes and Business Models – to Grand Challenges. Manufuture will play three fundamental functions: strategy, mobilizing and dissemination.
Manufuture “past and future”, encompassing from well known achievements to strategic activities already being launched, brings two strong messages.
As it has already been done and tested, Manufacturing Research should be seen as a relevant activity, but within the Building Blocks structured Area, proposed by Manufuture : the European Manufacturing Innovation and Research Area( EMIRA).
Within this, the cycle encompassing from Vision, to Strategic Research Agenda, all the way down to the Valorization Stage, should be as short as possible, and be reiterated every three to five years. This is dramatically important to support European Manufacturing Industry.